The foot is a complex structure composed of a quarter of all the bones found in our bodies. Each normal foot has 26 bones and 35
joints, held together and supported by 107 ligaments.
Children’s feet are relatively smaller than those of adults. not reaching full size until the ages of 13 in girls and 15 in boys.
A baby’s foot can be seen as flat, because their foot bones, tendons, and ligaments haven’t yet formed arches. The children’s feet grow rapidly and the greatest changes occur in the first 3 years including the development of the arches.
This is when a child walks on her toes, without putting much weight on her heels. It’s normal in young toddlers, but shouldn’t usually persist until three years old.
This is when toddlers walk with their feet turning inwards (“pigeon-toed”) or outwards.
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the nail, usually on the big toe, grows into the skin adjacent to it. This causes pain and often results in an infection.
Athlete’s foot is caused by a fungal infection in the skin. A child can get it by going barefoot in wet public areas, such as swimming pools or locker rooms.
A child may have flat feet for a variety of reasons, including orthopedic developmental changes that may be outgrown with no lasting problems. Treatment becomes necessary if flat feet are associated with foot or leg pain, lead to difficulty walking, or if one foot is flat relative to the other.
Heel pain can be caused by plantar fasciitis, which is an inflamed area of the heel bone where a thick band of tissue called the plantar fascia attaches. One reason children may be susceptible to heel pain is that calf muscles and the Achilles tendon are tight during growth spurts, which puts stress on the heel bone.
A plantar wart is a skin lesion on the sole of the foot that is caused by a virus. A plantar wart is often mistaken for a corn or callus because it has a similar appearance, usually a circular area of thick skin that creates discomfort with weight-bearing. The classic sign of a wart is the appearance of tiny “black dots” within the lesion.
Healthy feet are essential to a child’s development and happiness. Basic problems such as warts, ingrown toenails, or muscle pain can severely impact your child’s well being and quality of life, but most of these common children’s foot conditions and problems can be easily prevented with proper foot care.
If you feel like you need help in assessing and treating your children’s foot, we at StepEase Podiatry will be gladly to help you. Our podiatrists examine people of all ages, and utilise the latest research-based solutions. This ensures that your child gets the best treatment plan.
Our specialists can treat the most delicate cases of inward/outward pointing toes, growing pain, biomechanical abnormalities leading to walking/standing on the tip-toes, and club foot.
Talk to our podiatrists today to discuss consultation, custom-made orthotics, or general treatment.
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